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APA Referencing 7th ed.: Online/Webpage

Note about URLs

URLs or the website link listed as part of an entry in the reference list can be left 'live' i.e. as a hyperlink in blue with an underline. However, for aesthetic reasons, your tutor may request that the link has the blue colouring and/ or underlining removed. This can make the reference list easier to read. Please check with your tutor as to how they would like the URLs or links presented.

Webpage

Elements of a reference

* For more than one author, follow the same author format as used for the book examples. The rest of the reference (date, title, website name and URL) will  follow the format above. When the author and website name are the same e.g. World Health Organization, omit the website name to avoid repetition. Include the month and day in the date if known or available e.g. (2019, May 17) rather than (2019).

Example

 

In text citation

Roy (2018) suggests that…

OR

(Roy, 2018).

Reference list

Roy, S. (2018). The science of gels. Nails. http://www.nailsmag.com/article/91808/the-science-of-gels

 

Webpage with no date

Elements of a reference

* For more than one author, follow the same author format as used for the book examples. The rest of the reference (Year of publication, title and retrieval information) will follow follow the format above.

Example

 

In text citation

Gold (n.d.) suggests that…

OR

(Gold, n.d.).

Reference list

Gold, M. (n.d.). What is holistic medicine? Holistic Medicine. http://www.holisticmed.com/whatis.html

 

Webpage with no author

Elements of a reference

 

Example

 

In text citation

("Tips on taking multi-choice tests," 2011)

*When a work has no identified author, cite in-text the first few words of the reference entry (usually the title) and the year. Use double quotation marks if you are referring to the title of an article, chapter or web page.

Reference list

Tips on taking multi-choice tests. (2011). Social Psychology Network http://www.socialpsychology.org/testtips.htm

NOTE: If you can't find the author of a source, consider whether you should use a different source, as a source without an author may not be considered authoritative enough.

Webpage: Organisation or government department as author

Elements of a reference

* A corporate author is where a group (e.g. Government departments, associations, businesses, or organisations) acts as the author. No single person is responsible for writing  the item. When referencing a corporate author often the website name will be the same as the author so leave out the website name to avoid repetition.

 

Example

In New Zealand, many government departments and official organisations are known by both their English names and Māori names. After consulting with the APA style experts, they gave the following answer to which name should be used:

Our previous solution was to follow the style we observed on a number of New Zealand government websites, which was to include both names, separated by a dash. Specifically, I'd suggest using an en dash between the two names, because en dashes connect two items of equal weight, which seems appropriate here. Do not include spaces around the dash. So, for example, the Ministry for Children would be Oranga Tamariki–Ministry for Children (cf. the copyright at the bottom of the website: https://www.orangatamariki.govt.nz/). I'd follow the order of names as depicted in the source. For example, whereas the website of Oranga Tamariki–Ministry for Children puts the Māori name first, the website of Inland Revenue–Te Tari Taake puts the English name first (https://www.ird.govt.nz/). (APA Style Expert, personal communication, January 22, 2020).

 

In text citation

Ministry of Health-Manatū Hauora (2018) suggests that…

OR

(Ministry of Health-Manatū Hauora, 2018)

Reference list

Ministry of Health-Manatū Hauora.  (2019). Care and support workforce qualification attainment.  https://www.health.govt.nz/publication/care-and-support-workforce-qualification-attainment

*When referencing an article or report from an overseas government website, you will need to indicate the country as well as the name of the government department. You do not need to include "New Zealand" when referring to New Zealand government departments. See example below.

Australia. Department of Health and Family Services. (2007). Youth suicide in Australia: The National Youth Suicide Prevention Strategy. http://www.health.gov.au/internet/mentalhealth/publishing.nsf/Content/national-suicide-prevention-strategy-1.pdf

 

Online dictionary/ encyclopaedia/ Wikipedia

Online dictionaries, encyclopedias and wikis (including Wikipedia) can change and be updated  frequently. For this type of material use the following format of n.d. for the date published and record the date that you retrieved the information. This allows the reader to know which version of a page you might have read and used.

Dictionary example

Elements of a reference

 

Example

 

In text citation

(Technical, n.d.)

Reference list

Technical. (n.d.). In Merriam-Webster's online dictionary. Retrieved November 27, 2017, from https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/technical

Wikipedia Example

      

In text citation

(Bushfires in Australia, n.d.)

Reference list

Bushfires in Australia. (n.d.). In Wikipedia. Retrieved January 16, 2020, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bushfires_in_ Australia

*Please check course material before using Wikipedia in your reference list. As the content of Wikipedia can be easily altered by anyone, it is usually not considered a reliable source.

Blog post

Elements of a reference

 

Example

Example with a screen name or alias

In text citation

Fister (2019)

OR

(Dr. Doolittle, 2019).

Reference list

Fister, B. (2019, January 9). Snoopers in the valley. Library Babel Fish. http://www.insidehighered.com/blogs/library-babel-fish/snoopers-valley

Dr. Doolittle. (2019, September 25). Adapting (or not) to increasing temperatures. Life Lines. Retrieved from https://lifelinesblog.com/2019/09/25/adapting-or-not-to-increasing-temperatures/

 

Podcasts

Elements of a reference

 

Example

 

In text citation

Ray (2018) suggests that…

OR

(Ray, 2018).

Reference list

Ray, W. (Host). (2018, November 12). Con-artist: The story of Amy Bock [Audio podcast episode]. In Black Sheep. https://www.radionz.co.nz/programmes/black-sheep/story/2018670137/con-artist-the-story-of-amy-bock

*Add the episode number in parentheses after the title if known e.g.

... Con-artist: The story of Amy Bock (No. 25) [Audio podcast episode...

If the URL of the podcast is unknown (e.g. if accessed via a mobile app), leave out the URL

YouTube

Elements of a reference

 

Example

 

In text citation

Whitbourne (2017)

OR

(Whitbourne, 2017)

Reference list

Whitbourne, G. (2017, June 9). Welcome to starting in Te Reo Māori [Video]. YouTube.  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8pc6MKQwObY