1. An in-text citation in your assignment
At the end of your assignment, you are required to provide full reference information for each source you have used. Reference lists give full information about the printed and electronic sources referred to in your writing so that your reader is able to locate the sources you used. An important principle in referencing is to be consistent.
When compiling your reference list, you should:
List references on a new page with a centred heading titled: References
Only include sources you have referred to in your text
All references referred to in the text must appear in the reference list, except for personal communications (such as emails or conversations) which cannot be retrieved
Combine all your references, regardless of format, e.g. books, journal articles, online sources, in one alphabetical listing from A - Z
Order entries alphabetically by surname of author(s). If two or more entries have the same author, arrange by year of publication
List works with no author under the first significant word of the title
Use a hanging indent format i.e. indent second and subsequent lines of each entry (5-7 spaces)
Use double spacing.
See pages 281-309 of the Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.).
The APA manual recommends that the reference list at the end of your assignment be double-spaced but some tutors may ask for single spacing. Each reference needs to have a hanging indent (where the author's surname 'hangs' out further than the second line) with a double line spacing between each reference, as shown below:
Mackin, S. T., Nelson, S. M., Kerssens, J. J., Wood, R., Wild, S., Colhoun, H. M., . . . Lindsay, R. S. (2018). Diabetes and pregnancy: National trends over a 15 year period. Diabetologia, 61(5), 1081-1088. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-017-4529-3
Polit, D. F., & Beck, C. T. (2010). Essentials of nursing research: Appraising evidence for nursing practice. Wolters Kluwer Health.
Papps, E. (2015). Cultural safety: Daring to be different. In D. Wepa (Ed.), Cultural safety in Aotearoa New Zealand (2nd ed., pp. 36-48). Cambridge University Press.
Creating a hanging indent
Alphabetising the reference list
To do this automatically in Word:
To remove a hyperlink
A hyperlink on a Word document is blue and and underlined. It is a direct link to a web page. Leaving it as a hyperlink is the preferred option unless your tutor tells you otherwise. If you need to remove the hyperlink follow these steps: