The Importance of Research
- Research tests assumptions and observations and creates new knowledge.
- Research provides the theoretical framework needed to understand the information reported by individual practitioners.
Types of Research
Research is sometimes hard to identify because there are so many types of research. In general, research is conducted through one or more of the following forms of data collection:
- Content Analysis
- Historical Source Analysis
- Controlled Experiments
Many types of specific research exist. Two major types of research are:
- Basic Research: Research that seeks to create new knowledge and is not directly related to technical or practical problems. An example of basic research is a study conducted to analyze the types of information systems doctors use. This research provides new knowledge about a particular user group but does not specify a way this knowledge can be used to solve a problem.
- Applied Research: Research that seeks to solve problems practitioners face. Using a variety of techniques this research aims to develop solutions and recommendations that can be used to improve practices. A study conducted on how information systems can be used to improve the ability of doctors to more accurately diagnose illnesses is an example of applied research.