|Capital Letters ABC||Full Stops . . .
||Commas , , ,|
|Question Marks ???||Explanation Marks !!!||Speech Marks " "|
||Apostrophes ' ' "
Capital letters A B C
For example: I am going to visit Jocelyn in Tauranga.
I, Jocelyn, Tauranga
Full stops . . .
For example: Dr. Spock visited hospitals in the U.S.A. during summer.
Commas , , ,
For example: Some say the earth will end in ice, wind, flood and fire.
Note: No comma before ‘and’ in a list.
Even though my grandmother is ninety, she still enjoys a daily gin and tonic.
Question marks ? ? ?
For example: Why do you keep texting me the same message?
Could we please drop in at Jacob’s house?
Exclamation marks ! ! !
For example: “Get out of my sight!”
Speech marks (sometimes called quotation marks) “ ”
For example: My mother always said, “Don’t wash your hair and then go outside. You’ll catch a cold”.
What do you think of Dan Brown’s “The Da Vinci Code”?
Note: In New Zealand, the full stops, question marks and exclamation marks sit outside the speech (quotation) marks.
Semicolons ; ; ;
For example: My mother stays up late every night; she is afraid that she will miss out on something.
Colons : : :
For example: Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy now itemizes:
Apostrophes ’ ’ ’
the student’s backpack
the men’s room
six weeks’ time
I’d like to see Elton John
Further Learning Centre Handouts related to this topic:
Punctuation Instructions last updated 4/07/11